György Almásy (1867-1933) traveled to Asia twice, first in 1901, then in 1906. On the first journey, his companion was an Austrian zoologist, with whom he explored the central mountains of Tian Shan. While he was observing the glaciers and highlands, his colleague studied the animals. Almásy wrote notes about his observations, which he later published. One of the most significant documents (from a geographical standpoint) was his account about glaciers and glacial forms. He was the first to report about the mesas in Tian Shan. The zoological achievement of the journey was the collection of around 20,000 animals, mostly birds, with many newly discovered species among them. They also collected important ethnographical objects which were related to the everyday life of the Kyrgyz and Kazakh people.

The second journey lasted half a year and led to the northern regions of China, where heprimarily hunted. His companion was the young Hungarian geographer Gyula Prinz, but due to disagreements between the two, they soon split up. Regardless of this, they both noted valuable geographical, geological, meteorological, ethnographical and economic observations.