Coloman the Learned banned witch burning by law. To be precise, he only banned the burning of one specific type of witch. His ruling describes: “No investigation should be done about the Strigoi, because they don’t exist”.
Medieval people believed in different types of witches. The Strigoi were imaginary creatures who turned humans into animals. In accordance with Christian teachings, his law stated that a creature with this magical power could not be real, so the accusations were wrong. However, he did not prohibit witch-hunts of witches using “maleficium”, who were believed to perform witchcraft with the intention of causing harm or injury.
The statue of Coloman the Learned was created by Richárd Füredi.